Key Stage 3 Government & Democracy

About the Units
Where the Units fits in
Prior Learning
Opportunities for Literacy and Numeracy
Links with Other Subjects

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About the Units

This Unit has 3 sections designed to cover work in either Year 7,8 and 9 or for use as a self-contained Consumer Education package deliverable as an intense experience.

This unit has been developed by Cambridgeshire County Council Trading Standards Service in conjunction with Cambridgeshire PSHE Service and all necessary teaching notes and activities can be accessed via the Ask CEdRIC website.

Unit 1 - Local Government and its role in helping the Consumer

Students will think about what is meant by the term Local Government and understand the difference between this and Central Government. They will gather an understanding of the responsibilities of local government and examine the different departments and services that exist in their own locality.

Students will also look at the importance of the Trading Standards Department within local government and will look at the range of areas that the Department covers. Students will also take a particular look at the area of Food Safety and learn how Trading Standards and Environmental Health work together in this area.

Unit 2 - Central Government and its role in helping the Consumer

Students will look at the difference between Parliament and the Government and the split between the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

Students will go on to explore the importance of voting and will look at the how and why a general election is held. They will then go on to explore the organisations that exist at a national level to look after the interests of consumers.

Unit 3 - Europe and its role in helping the Consumer

Students will learn about the history of the European Union and the different countries that make up the EU as well as looking at the significance of the Euro .

Students will also look at the different institutions that exist within the EU and examine the role that each plays in the running of the Union. They will also look at the different types of protections that exist within the EU for consumers.

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Where the Units fit in

All of these Units address the following aspects of the key stage 3 Citizenship programme of study:

Knowledge and Understanding about becoming informed Citizens

Pupils should be taught about:

1c central and local government, the public services they offer, how they are financed and the opportunity to contribute

1d the key characteristics of parliamentary and other forms of government

1e the electoral system and the importance of voting

1f the work of community-based, national and international voluntary groups

1i the world as a global community and the political, economic, environmental and social implications of this and the role of the European Union, the Commonwealth and the United Nations

Developing skills of enquiry and communication

Pupils should be taught to:

2a think about topical, political, spiritual, moral, social and cultural issues, problems and events by analysing information and its sources, including ICT based sources

2b justify orally and in writing a personal opinion about such issues, problems or events

2c contribute to group and exploratory class discussions and take part in debates

Developing skills of participation and responsible action

Pupils should be taught to:

3a use their imagination to consider other people's experiences and be able to think about, express and explain views that are not their own

3b negotiate, decide and take part responsibly in both school and community-based activities

3c reflect on the process of participation

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At the end of KS3:

Most pupils will have an awareness of the differences between local and central government and the way in which both are set up and run. They will understand the significance of the EU and the different countries that are member states. They will understand the significance of voting and will know the different protection that is offered to consumers at each level.

Some pupils will not have made so much progress and will have some understanding of the different levels of Government but will find some difficulty with the way in which each level is set up and run. These students will have a basic awareness of the types of help that each level of government offers consumers.

Some pupils, will have progressed further and have a clear understanding of the differences between the different levels of Government. They will be able to understand the importance of voting and will be able to examine the effects that the EU has on their own lives.

They will be able to make a distinction between the different ways in which these levels are set up and will understand the responsibilities that each has in helping consumers.

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Prior Learning

It is helpful if pupils have:

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Opportunities for Literacy and Numericy

These Units will offer opportunities to introduce/reinforce the following Speaking and Listening learning objectives



These units will offer opportunities to introduce/reinforce the following Text Level learning objectives



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Links with Other Subjects

This Unit has clear links to other subjects within the wider curriculum, including:


Ask CEdRIC provides links to all of the resources that you will need to teach this Unit.

Every suggested teaching area on the teaching plan is linked to:

You may also wish to speak to your own local Trading Standards Department for help and advice on Consumer Education. You can find your local office in the telephone directory or by typing in your School's postcode on the Trading Standards Institute website (

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