Key Stage 2 Communities & Identity

Year 5 and 6 My Community

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Lesson Plan

Teaching ObjectivesPossible Teaching ActivityLearning Outcomes

Children should learn:

  • about their local community and the part their school plays within that Community
  • the different services that are provided in their community
  • the different types of shops that are available in their local area
  • the range of methods available for shopping


Begin the lesson by talking about the 'Community' that the children live in. What do they see as their community? Discuss the importance of your school within that community.

Ask the students to think about other things that exist for the local community. Do they have a local park or leisure centre and how much do they use their local facilities?

Talk to the children about the shops that exist in the local community. What type of shops are there locally and what can you buy at these shops?

Discuss the other ways in which we can do our shopping nowadays. Talk to them about the different methods and explain some of the advantages and disadvantages of shopping in these ways.

  • Children will be able to recognise what services exist within their own local community including their own school.
  • Children will be able to identify the different types of shops that exist in their local area and understand the alternative methods of shopping that are also available

Teachers Notes

What exists in my Community?

Background Notes

We all live in a Community. It may be a large city centre or it may be a small village in the country, but it is the place where we spend most of our time.

Your school forms one of the large meeting places within the Community as it welcomes children from the surrounding areas. It is important that we work hard to keep our Community a pleasant place to live or be. We can do this at school by not throwing litter on the floor or by keeping areas like gardens free from destruction so that everyone can benefit from their surroundings.

Suggested Teaching Activity

History Project

Ask the children to think about the history within their Community and at school. How long has the school been in existence? Did any of the children's parents attend the school? Has the school changed much in the time it has been open?

The English Heritage website ( contains a wide range of education materials that can be used to examine the history of different Communities.

Class projects and activities

The Energy Chest website contains ideas and activities for improving your school environment (

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What services are provided in my Community?

Background Notes

As well as schools and transport, communities have other amenities that we can all use which help to benefit our lives. Some of these we just take for granted - but think about what really exists in your own local area. You may find you have some of the following:

All of these services provide a useful benefit to this community and we should all help to keep our services free from the likes of vandalism or litter.

Suggested Teaching Activity

Survey Work

Make a list of all the different facilities that exist in the local community - eg leisure facilities, parks, swimming pools, libraries, transport, etc.

Divide the class up and give them a facility each to investigate. Ask them to find out who runs the service, how much it costs and what services are available. Ask them to devise a questionnaire (and use it on their friends and families) to find out how much the service is used by local people and what they think of the service.

Ask the children to produce a poster showing the information that they have found out about the service and the results of their surveys.

Interactive Resource

The Red Box ( is an interactive resource to teach your pupils about tax and public spending. The website invites visitors to take on management of 'The Square' and through playing games and answering questions students must raise enough money to maintain, or preferably improve, the services offered.

Travel to school survey

The Young TransNet website ( allows young people to have their say on transport and they can also carry out a travel to school survey on line.

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What types of shops exist in my local area?

Background Information

The face of shopping has changed over the years and most communities have witnessed these changes. Many independent shops both in villages and towns have closed down due to having lost their struggle to compete with new superstores. Many small villages have also now lost their banks and some are also being threatened with the loss of their Post Offices.

Below is a list of some of the advantages and disadvantages of both independent local shops and larger chain stores.

SuperstoreLocal Shop


Cheaper Prices
More Choice
Everything all under one roof
Coffee Shop
Toilet Facilities
Takes all forms of payments


Customer knowledge
Personal attention
Good for the Community
Ideal for shopper without a car
Quick to pop in to


Can get very busy
Can be difficult to get attention of staff
Can be difficult to reach without a car


Usually more expensive
Smaller range of products
Hours of opening usually shorter

Suggested Teaching Activity

Research Work

Ask the children to think about the different types of shops in the area where they live.

What are the opening hours of these shops?

What facilities do they have to make them easier or more attractive to customers, such as parking, access for the disabled, toilet facilities?

The class could ask parents or relatives the following questions:

The students could use their results to draw up a summary and provide feedback to the class on shops and shopping in their areas.

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Are there other ways in which I could do my shopping?

Background Information

It is important for children to understand that shoppers are not just limited to going into shops to make their purchases. There are a variety of different ways in which we can buy what we need:

At present, mail order seems to be the way that more and more shoppers are buying the goods that they need:


Lots of people use catalogues to buy their shopping. These catalogues allow you to see a picture of the item that you are going to buy and they also give you a description. You simply pick out the item you would like, phone the company to order and they deliver it straight to your home.

On the internet/through your television

It is now possible to order goods from your armchair in both of these ways. You can now buy items through your computer, your television and even your mobile phone.

Suggested Teaching Activity

Discussion Activity

Start talking to the children about the internet. How many of them use the internet regularly? Ask the children to think about the advantages and disadvantages of buying goods over the internet

Quick and easy
Good for people who are unable to leave their homes due to illness etc
Maybe cheaper than going to the shops (parking costs, etc)
Easier to shop around between internet sites
Could lose money if Company does not really exist
No guarantee you will get what you ordered
Item may look different when it arrives
You may not be able to talk to anyone if you have a problem

Extension Work

Safe Internet Use

One of the major problems that exists with the internet is the fact that it allows children to access unsuitable materials, unless they are correctly supervised.

Childnet ( offers advice for both children and adults about the safe use of the internet. This website also contains a wide range of projects which are designed to help teach children about being safe whilst using the internet.

The DFES website contains details on E-Safety ( and is designed for schools and parents.

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